GB No. 1, autumn 1989
THE CITY SOLD FOR BUCKS
A city is a place in nature where the
density of one species - human being is exceptional. A man creates city changing nature to
adapt this place to his needs and to make it
convenient for many people living close to one
another. Some of them seeking to grasp power
or gain profit cause that the evolution of the
city becomes unbearable for nature. Yet the
nature, flooded with concrete, covered with
waste, poisoned by gasses and dusts will not
die without us. We are the part of nature but
unfortunately many people do not understand it
and cannot see the approaching dimax.
Kraków has become such a place: it has
exceeded the ecological capacity of the region, its increase in number of inhabitants
should be stopped and its development should
We would be glad to hear a discussion
about the Zone of Special Economy if the idea
of the zone were a sign of conscious thinking
about decentralized society in which the authorities are close to people they represent.
We would welcome this "special economy" (with
delight) if it led to the development of our
region based on the local resources and on
harmonious introducing the economy into the
bioregion and into the local cultural traditions. Therefore we cannot accept the projects
of the Zone of Special Economy Kraków (ZSEK)
and the Duty Free Area Kraków (DFAK) and the
plans of their future development until Cracovians will have obtained satisfying answers
for the following questions:
- Why was and still is the project of ZSEK
concealed from Cracovians although the
decisions, that determine their life in the
coming tens of years, are taken?
- Why was the resolution of People's City
Council concerning the initial projects of
ZSEK and DFAK was passed against the rules of
democracy like in the period of Stalinism?
(The councillors were forced to vote immediately without acquainting themselves with the
texts of projects.)
- Why are the oasis of capitalism to be int-
roduced and controlled by the same people who
have disregarded the rules of capitalism for
the last 45 years and brought the city to the
present miserable state?
- Why are the greatest state political monopols like Town Office, Iglopol (food production), foreign trade centrals and Lenin's
Steelworks to be the main shareholders in the
area where free market will rule.
- Why are not the projects of Kraków's deve
lopment subordinated to the demands of the
especially protected area? (Kraków has been
admited to be such area about a year ago.)
Reduced bank rates for the high-tech and low
emission industry do not stimulate its
development because the heavy industry pays
reduced taxes and is still subsidised. The
fines for exceeding the norms of emission do
not help because the biggest polluters do not
pay them or charge this expences to clients
rising prises of their products.(It is possible because demand is much bigger than
- Why was the economic structure of our
region to be changed by new investments and
not by using the area already build over and
already existing but harmful or needless infrastructure (e.g. factories of heavy industry,
military areas etc.) Nothing new should be
added to the city that cannot brave any more.
One could only change the elements for the new
ones or liquidate some of them.
- Why does the economic plan forsee that the
City Office shall take over the private
grounds to sell them for dollars later? Mafia
is engaged in this business in New York. The
owners of tanement-houses in the Old Town in
Kraków are pressed to give their property to
- By what right will free market to decide
about the fate of grounds and monuments which
belongs to the Unesco's List of World Heritage? How much money will be enough to lay in
ruins Sukiennice (famous relic of 16th century
in the middle the Main Market) and build a
supermarket in this place?
- Why do the projects forsee breaking the
lately passed law (act) about the land planning? Why will Cracovians be deprived of their
right to decide about the future of their
- Why the Polish law (in particular the Law
of Labour and the Environmental Protection
Act) is to be suspended in the duty-free area?
What will protect the citizens from corruption
and misuse of power then?
- Why cannot the Old Town, Kazimierz and
Stradom be excluded from ZSEK?
- Why cannot the airport of DFAK (5 mln
passengers yearly and 120 planes daily) be
build in Ciężkowice (i.e. not so close to
Kraków) as it used to be planned? Then the
future Silesian Zone of Special Economy would
be able to use it, too.
- Why does one speak so much about the
advantages for the city and its inhabitants
since the project says that the profits of the
zone will be assigned for its development?
of the Greens' Federation
GB No. 1, autumn 1989 | Contents